Business Ethics

1. Reshaping relations between the state and the private sector post-Covid-19? Exploring the social licence framework’, with Charlotte Unruh (in press, 2021), Journal of the British Academy 9, 87–113.

2. ‘Social licence for business: a framework for reshaping the private sector in a post-pandemic world‘. Consultation document, British Academy project output.

3. ‘The thesis of ‘doux commerce’ and the social licence to operate’ (forthcoming), Business Ethics: A European Review. Online first:

4. ‘Epistemic virtues vs. ethical values in the financial services sector’ (2017), Journal of Business Ethics. Online first: doi:10.1007/s10551-017-3547-x. 


1. ‘The meaning of “pain” and pain communication’, with Nat Hansen and Tim Salomons (2019), in The Meanings of Pain, Vol. II, ed. S. van Rysewyk, Springer. Pp.261-282.

2. ‘Is the folk concept of pain polyeidic?’ (2020), Mind and Language. Authors: Emma Borg, Richard Harrison, James Stazicker, Tim Salomons.

In press: ‘Pain Priors, Polyeidism, and Predictive Power: A preliminary investigation into individual differences in our ordinary thought about pain’ (with Sarah Fisher, Nat Hansen, Rich Harrison, Tim Salomons) for Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics. Special Issue on Experimental Philosophy of Medicine.

Under review: ‘Is pain “all in your mind”? Examining the general public’s views of pain’, Tim Salomons, Rich Harrison, Nat Hansen, James Stazicker, Astrid Grith Sorenson, Paula Thomas, Emma Borg.

Philosophy of mind and language

In Progress

Understanding implicatures’ (for Linguistics meets Philosophy, ed. D. Altshuler, Cambridge University Press).

Semantic Content and Utterance Context: A Spectrum of Approaches’ (co-authored with Sarah Fisher), in press, Philosophy of Language: Cambridge Handbooks in Language and Linguistics, ed. P. Stalmaszczyk. Cambridge University Press).

‘Truth and Meaning Revisited’, (with Jumbly Grindrod), for Philosophy Compass.

Strict and Conversational Linguistic Liability: some empirical observations’ (with Patrick Connolly), (in press) Oxford Studies in Philosophy of Language, eds E. Lepore & D. Sosa. Oxford University Press.

The Problems of Polysemy’, for The Oxford Handbook of Contemporary Philosophy of Language, eds E. Lepore & U. Stojnić.

‘Meaning and communication’ (with Antonio Scarafone & Marat Shardimgaliev) for the Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.


1.‘Language and Context’ (2021), in Women of Ideas, ed. Suki Finn. Oxford University Press.

2. ‘Questions under discussion and the semantics/pragmatics divide’, with Jumbly Grindrod, (2019) Philosophical Quarterly. Online First:

3. ‘Millikan, Meaning and Minimalism‘ (2018), Theoria 84: 242-258

4. ‘On deflationary accounts of human action understanding’ (2018), Review of Philosophy and Psychology 9: 503-522Online First

5. ‘Explanatory roles for minimal content’, Nous 2017. Online first: doi: 10.1111/nous.12217

6. ‘Mirroring, mindreading and behaviour-reading’ (2017), Journal of Consciousness Studies 24: 24-49.

7. ‘Local vs. global pragmatics: a reply to Simons‘ (2017). Inquiry 60: 509-516.

8.  ‘Finding meaning’ (2016) The Linguist 55: 22-24.

9. ‘Exploding explicatures‘ (2016). Mind and Language 31: 335-355.

10. ‘Applied philosophy of language‘ (2017) in The Blackwell Companion to Applied Philosophy, edited by K. Brownlee, K. Lippert-Ramussen, D. Coady. 180-195.

11. ‘From ape empathy to human morality?’ (2014). Analysis 74: 577-587

12.    ‘More questions for mirror neurons‘ (2013), Consciousness and Cognition 22: 1122-1131.

13.    ‘Semantics without pragmatics‘ (2012) in The Cambridge Handbook of Pragmatics, edited by K. Allen and K. Jaszczolt. Cambridge: CUP. 513-528.

14.    ‘Minimalism and the content of the lexicon’ (2010). In Meaning and Context, ed. L. Baptista and E. Rach. Bern: Peter Lang. 51-78.

15.    ‘The place of referential intentions in linguistic content’ (2009), Manuscrito 32: 85-122. Special edition on semantics/pragmatics.

16.    ‘Must a semantic minimalist be a semantic internalist?’ (2009), This is an electronic version of a paper published in Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society Supplementary Volume LXXXIII: 31-51. Posting of the published paper on any other electronic public server may only be done with prior written permission from The Aristotelain Society.

17.    ‘Meaning and context: a survey of a contemporary debate’ (2009). In The Later Wittgenstein on Language, ed. D. Whiting. Palgrave. 96-113.

18.    ‘Minimal semantics and the nature of psychological evidence’ (2009). In New Waves in Philosophy of Language, ed. S. Sawyer. Palgrave. 24-409

19.    ‘Semantic minimalism’ (2009). In The Pragmatics Encyclopedia, ed. L. Cummings. Routledge. 423-5.

20.    ‘On three theories of implicature: Default Theory, Relevance and Minimalism’ (2009), International Review of Pragmatics 1: 1-21. This paper is to be reprinted in Meaning and Analysis: Themes from H. Paul Grice, ed. K. Petrus (Palgrave), and Pragmatics: Critical Concepts II, ed. A. Kasher (Routledge).

21.    ‘If mirror neurons are the answer, what was the question?‘ (2007), Journal of Consciousness Studies 14: 5-19.

22.    ‘Minimalism versus Contextualism in semantics‘ (2007), in G. Preyer and G. Peter (eds) Context Sensitivity and Semantic Minimalism : Essays on Semantics and Pragmatics. 546-571. Reprinted in The Semantics-Pragmatics Boundary in Philosophy, M. Ezcurdia & R. Stainton (eds). Oxford: OUP.

23.    ‘Pragmatic determinants of what is said’ (2005), The Encyclopedia of Language and Linguistics, 2nd edition. K. Brown (Editor in Chief). Oxford: Elsevier. 737-40.

24.    ‘Formal Semantics and Intentional States’ (2004), Analysis 64, 215-23.

25.   ‘Intention-based Semantics‘ (2005) in E. Lepore & B. Smith (eds) Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 250-267.

26.    ‘Saying What You Mean: unarticulated constituents and communication‘ (2005) in R. Elugardo & R. Stainton (eds) Ellipsis and Non-sentential Speech. Dordrecht: Kluwer. 237-262.

27.  ‘The Semantic Relevance of What is Said‘ (2002), Protosociology 17: Semantic theory and reported speech, 6-24.

28.   ‘Pointing at Jack, Talking About Jill: Understanding Deferred Uses of Demonstratives and Pronouns’ (2002), Mind and Language 17, 489-512.

29.    ‘Natural Language and Symbolic Logic’, co-authored with Prof. E. Lepore (2002) in The Blackwell Companion to Symbolic Logic, ed. D. Jacquette. Oxford: Blackwell. 86-102

30.    ‘An Expedition Abroad: Metaphor, Thought and Reporting‘ (2001) in P. French & H. Wettstein (eds) Midwest Studies in Philosophy XXV. Oxford: Blackwell. 227-248.

31.   ‘Deferred Demonstratives’ (2002) in Meaning and Truth: Investigations in Philosophical Semantics, eds Campbell, O’Rourke, Shier. New York: Seven Bridges Press. 214-230.

32.   ‘The Metaphysics and Epistemology of Singular Terms’ (2001), Philosophical Papers 30, 1-30.

33.   ‘Complex Demonstratives’ (2000), Philosophical Studies 97, 229-249. Access through JSTOR.

34.   ‘Semantic Category and Surface Form’ (1998), Analysis 58, 232-238.